Chronic Constipation Treatment in Adults 

Chronic constipation is a common gastrointestinal issue that affects a significant number of adults worldwide. 

It is characterized by infrequent bowel movements and difficulty passing stools, leading to discomfort and frustration for those experiencing it. 

Chronic constipation can have a considerable impact on an individual’s daily life, affecting their productivity, mood, and overall well-being. 

Finding effective treatment options for chronic constipation is crucial to improve quality of life and maintain digestive health. 

Definition and Criteria for Diagnosis

Chronic constipation is diagnosed when an individual experiences fewer than three bowel movements per week for an extended period, typically at least three months. 

Additionally, other symptoms, such as straining during bowel movements and a feeling of incomplete evacuation, may be present. 

Common Causes and Risk Factors

Chronic constipation can be caused by various factors, including a low-fiber diet, inadequate water intake, lack of physical activity, certain medications, and underlying medical conditions. 

Age, gender, and lifestyle choices also play a role in increasing the risk of developing chronic constipation. 

Lifestyle Modifications for Chronic Constipation 

  • Dietary Changes and Increased Fiber Intake: One of the primary approaches to managing chronic constipation is making dietary adjustments. Increasing fiber intake through the consumption of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes can add bulk to the stool and promote regular bowel movements. 
  • Hydration and the Importance of Water: Staying well-hydrated is essential for maintaining healthy bowel movements. Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day helps soften the stool, making it easier to pass. 
  • Regular Physical Activity and Its Benefits: Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, jogging, or yoga, can stimulate bowel movements and improve overall gut motility. Physical activity also contributes to better digestion and general well-being. 

Over-the-Counter (OTC) Treatments 

  • Bulk-forming Laxatives: Bulk-forming laxatives, such as psyllium and methylcellulose, work by absorbing water in the intestines, forming soft and bulky stools that are easier to pass. They are considered safe for long-term use and are available in various forms like powders, capsules, and chewable tablets. 
  • Osmotic Laxatives: Osmotic laxatives, like polyethylene glycol (PEG), is FDA-approved and magnesium hydroxide, draws water into the intestines, softening the stool and promoting bowel movements. These medications are effective for occasional constipation but should be used with caution for prolonged periods. 
  • Stool Softeners: Stool softeners, like docusate sodium, help moisten and soften the stool, making it easier to pass. They are often used in combination with other laxatives for added effectiveness.

Prescription Medications for Chronic Constipation 

  • Lubiprostone: Lubiprostone is a prescription medication that increases fluid secretion in the intestines, making stools easier to pass. It is commonly prescribed for chronic idiopathic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). It was approved by the FDA in 2006 to help treat constipation in adults.
  • Linaclotide: Linaclotide is a medication that works by increasing fluid secretion and reducing pain signaling in the intestines. It is used to treat chronic constipation and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. FDA approved 
  • Prucalopride: Prucalopride is a prescription medication that stimulates bowel contractions, increasing the frequency of bowel movements. It is prescribed for chronic constipation in adults who have not responded adequately to other laxatives. 

Natural Remedies and Home Treatments 

  • Herbal Teas and Supplements: Certain herbal teas, such as senna tea or dandelion tea, may have a natural laxative effect and can be used as occasional remedies for constipation. However, it’s essential to use them with caution and in moderation. 
  • Probiotics and Gut Health: Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that support gut health and promote regular bowel movements. Incorporating probiotic-rich foods or supplements into the diet may be beneficial for some individuals. 
  • Acupuncture and Biofeedback Therapy: Alternative therapies like acupuncture and biofeedback can be explored to manage chronic constipation, especially in cases where other treatments may not have been fully effective. 

Combination Therapies 

In certain cases, healthcare providers may recommend combining different treatments to achieve better results. 

For example, combining a bulk-forming laxative with an osmotic laxative may provide a comprehensive approach to managing chronic constipation. 

Healthcare providers can tailor treatment plans to meet individual needs and adjust them as necessary based on the response and tolerance of the individual. 

Open communication with healthcare professionals is essential for successful treatment outcomes. 

Addressing Underlying Causes 

Chronic constipation can sometimes be a symptom of an underlying medical condition, such as thyroid disorders, neurological issues, or pelvic floor dysfunction. 

Treating the underlying condition can lead to improved bowel function. 

Stress, anxiety, and other psychological factors can also contribute to chronic constipation. Addressing these factors through relaxation techniques, counseling, or stress management may complement other treatments. 

Consulting a Healthcare Professional 

If chronic constipation persists despite trying various treatments, seeking medical advice is essential. 

A healthcare professional can conduct a thorough evaluation and recommend appropriate interventions. 

Openly discussing symptoms, concerns, and treatment preferences with healthcare providers helps them gain a comprehensive understanding of individual needs and develop personalized treatment plans. 

What Next?

Chronic constipation is a prevalent condition that can significantly impact an individual’s quality of life. 

With various treatment options available, including lifestyle modifications, over-the-counter treatments, prescription medications, natural remedies, and combination therapies, effective management of chronic constipation is possible.

By taking proactive steps and working closely with healthcare providers, individuals can find relief from chronic constipation and improve their overall digestive health. 

Read Next

Last Updated on August 1, 2023 by Our Editorial Team